Contraception is an ongoing issue for many women throughout their lives until they reach the menopause. There are many choices and women should expect to receive expert advice from their health professional. This can be in the Family Planning Clinic or GP’s surgery as well as from a gynaecologist.

The types of contraception available are:

  • The combined pill – contains oestrogen and progestagen hormones.
  • The combined pill – contains oestrogen and progestagen hormones.
  • Male and female condoms – barrier methods which also help prevent sexual infections.
  • The contraceptive patch – an alternative to the combined pill.
  • Diaphragms and caps – barrier methods for women.
  • Emergency contraception – hormonal tablets can be taken up to 3 days after unprotected intercourse or an intrauterine device which can be fitted up to 7 days afterwards.
  • The contraceptive implant – lasts up to 3 years, contains a progestagen hormone.
  • Contraceptive injections – contain a progestagen hormone, lasts for 3 months.
  • The intrauterine device – effective between 5-8 years depending on type.
  • The intrauterine system – contains a progestagen hormone, also effective in reducing period bleeding.

Further information regarding different contraceptive options can found by clicking one of the following links: